Nonprofit board committees are units of the board, which help maximize the overall effectiveness of the board. Many nonprofit organizations have different needs, and many organizations make the mistake of having a single committee to address every single objective. It’s best to organize a committee when issues are too complex to be handled by the entire board, or to help alleviate the board of some tasks.
I came across an article by Carter McNamara, in which he gives some advice on developing your nonprofit board committees, as well as potential standing committees/ad hoc committees.
Potential Standing Committees: Standing committees are permanent and exist year-round.
Potential Ad Hoc Committees: One-time/temporary committees with a limited duration. When a need arises these committees are formed, as soon as the task is completed they dissipate.
This is just an idea/suggestion of nonprofit board committees that exist. The idea of creating committees is ultimately up to the discretion of the board of directors. Committee formation should have a lot of thought put forth; if done improperly, complications and inefficiencies will arise.
There is a great article on how to “Utilize Communities Effectively”, that goes into depth on organizing a committee, the number of committees, and how to conduct committee meetings with effectiveness and efficiency. It’s a great article to read if you’re a startup nonprofit.